Appro, once again takes the leadership role introducing the new 3U Appro HF1 server, the Industry's first High Frequency server available based on Intel Xeon Processors 5600 series. This product will be available to order in limited quantities in 2010 and will ship in volume in Q1 2011.

The Appro HF1, High Frequency server is a rack mount industry standard platform offering optimized overclocked capabilities and liquid-cooling features to maintain a stable thermal operation. This server is finely tuned to provide exceptional speed and performance for the Financial Industry delivering reliability and price/performance to support high-speed trading applications.

The server offers dual Intel Xeon Processors X5680 series overclocked up to 4.4GHz on each CPU core, with a theoretical peak performance of up to 211GF. It offers up to 48GB of memory operating up to 1440MHz. This server provides extreme processor and memory performance while offering server-class reliability, availability, serviceability and manageability. The Appro HF1 server is integrated with two on board Gigabit Ethernet ports and seven PCI-e Gen 2 slots per server featuring ease of integration, network compatibility, and fast deployment. The Appro HF1 server also offers remote server management capabilities, high-speed interconnect options and a variety of configurations to include Linux Operating System.

Ideal customers are in the financial industry, especially the high-frequency and electronic trading, hedge funds and proprietary trading firms. Industries that can take advantage of the high CPU clock frequency and overclocked memory will also benefit from this solution.

"Appro's announcement today represents a fundamental change of how we use technology," said John Lee, vice president of advanced technology solutions at Appro. "Now, customers can have high performance computing that is differentiated for their market segment demands. Appro offers innovative, customer-focused server platforms and cluster technologies that optimize the performance and utilization of IT investments."

"Performance-passionate customers in high frequency trading and financial systems need cutting-edge performance at the boundary of innovation," said Rajeeb Hazra, general manager of high-performance computing at Intel Corporation. "The Appro HF1 server exemplifies Appro's innovation in high performance computing systems. By taking full advantage of the smaller, faster and more energy-efficient transistors in our Intel Xeon Processor 5600 series, the Appro HF1 server offers an excellent platform for high-speed processing deployments and lower-latency solutions."

The following is the text of a message Oak Ridge National Laboratory Director Thom Mason sent to ORNL staff Tuesday regarding the Department of Energy's renewal of UT-Battelle's contract to manage the laboratory.

Director's Message, Tuesday, March 23, 2010

This morning we received news from Energy Secretary Steven Chu that the Department of Energy has awarded a five-year extension of UT-Battelle's contract to manage Oak Ridge National Laboratory.  The Secretary, who was joined by Governor Phil Bredesen and Representatives Zach Wamp and Lincoln Davis, announced the news before several hundred staff gathered in the ORNL Conference Center.

First of all, I am grateful to Secretary Chu and the Department of Energy for their confidence in UT-Battelle's leadership during one of the most exciting periods in the Laboratory's history.  I am also grateful to the University of Tennessee and to Battelle, who together make up one of the most successful partnerships in the national laboratory system.  Both UT and Battelle contributed in unique ways to the accomplishments that marked our first ten years at ORNL.

Most of all, I am grateful to the extraordinary staff at ORNL who in the end were responsible for delivering DOE's science mission. Since more than one-half of the staff currently at ORNL were not here ten years ago, it may be hard for many of you to imagine how far we have come since that first day in April 2000.  The following are just a handful of examples.

-What we know today as the "Quad" was a massive parking lot, with a chain link fence surrounding an infrastructure that was old, unattractive and expensive to maintain.  Working with the support of DOE and the state of Tennessee, UT-Battelle undertook a $350 million plan to transform ORNL from one of the oldest labs into the most modern in the DOE system.

-Ten years ago the SNS had just broken ground, with many wondering if we were capable of delivering a $1.4 billion project.  Our computational program was housed in cramped and outdated facilities, and was not listed among the top 100 computers in the world.  We not only delivered the SNS on time, scope and budget, we also developed a program of high-performance computing that today boasts two of the world's top three machines located in a state-of-the-art facility.

-In April 2000 climate and bioenergy were small parts of the lab agenda.  By leveraging our partnership with UT and the state of Tennessee, ORNL is today among the national leaders in these two emerging fields of research.

-In April 2000, our rate of accidents was high, and our rate of growth was low.  Through the great work of our staff, we now have a safety record among DOE's best, a research portfolio that has tripled our annual budget to more than $1.65 billion, and a staff that has grown by nearly a thousand.

As proud as I am about our success over the past ten years, I am even more excited about the potential that lies ahead for UT-Battelle and Oak Ridge National Laboratory.  Our partnership with the University of Tennessee and the state continues to mature, as evidenced by the new graduate program in energy sciences established by the state legislature in January.  The next decade will witness more collaborative research with UT faculty and greater numbers of UT graduate students taking advantage of the facilities at ORNL. Likewise, we are part of a Battelle family of labs that offers an increasing range of opportunities for collaboration and growth with an emphasis on moving our science and technology into the marketplace.

In some respects, we have set a new bar of performance.  The challenge to UT-Battelle, and to each of us who work at ORNL, is to meet this higher standard in the delivery of our scientific mission, the operation of our Laboratory, and our leadership among the local community.

Again, I want to thank the Department of Energy for providing us the chance to join in solving some of the most important scientific challenges of our time.  Most of all, I want to thank the staff of ORNL, who have made our Laboratory one of the world's great centers for scientific discovery.


Yesterday the world's most powerful particle accelerator began its second act. After two years of upgrades and repairs, proton beams once again circulated around the Large Hadron Collider, located at the CERN laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland. 

With the collider back in action, the more than 1,700 U.S. scientists who work on LHC experiments are prepared to join thousands of their international colleagues to study the highest-energy particle collisions ever achieved in the laboratory.

"With the LHC operational again, at even higher energies, the possibilities for new discoveries are endless."

— James Siegrist, the U.S. Department of Energy's Associate Director of Science for High Energy Physics

These collisions – hundreds of millions of them every second – will lead scientists to new and unexplored realms of physics, and could yield extraordinary insights into the nature of the physical universe. 

A highlight of the LHC's first run, which began in 2009, was the discovery of the Higgs boson, the last in the suite of elementary particles that make up scientists' best picture of the universe and how it works. The discovery of the Higgs was announced in July 2012 by two experimental collaborations, ATLAS and CMS. Continuing to measure the properties of the Higgs will be a major focus of LHC Run 2.  

"The Higgs discovery was one of the most important scientific achievements of our time," said James Siegrist, the U.S. Department of Energy's Associate Director of Science for High Energy Physics. "With the LHC operational again, at even higher energies, the possibilities for new discoveries are endless, and the United States will be at the forefront of those discoveries." 

During the LHC's second run, particles will collide at a staggering 13 teraelectronvolts (TeV), which is 60 percent higher than any accelerator has achieved before. The LHC's four major particle detectors – ATLAS, CMS, ALICE and LHCb – will collect and analyze data from these collisions, allowing them to probe new areas of research that were previously unattainable. 

At 17 miles around, the Large Hadron Collider is one of the largest machines ever built. The United States played a vital role in the construction of the LHC and the huge and intricate detectors for its experiments. Seven U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories joined roughly 90 U.S. universities to build key components of the accelerator, detectors and computing infrastructure, with funding from the DOE Office of Science and the National Science Foundation.

The U.S. contingent was part of an estimated 10,000 people from 113 different countries who helped to design, build, and upgrade the LHC accelerator and its four particle detectors. 

"We are on the threshold of an exciting time in particle physics: the LHC will turn on with the highest energy beam ever achieved," said Fleming Crim, National Science Foundation Assistant Director for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. "This energy regime will open the door to new discoveries about our universe that were impossible as recently as two years ago." 

In addition to the scientists pushing toward new discoveries on the four main experiments, the U.S. provides a significant portion of the computing and data analysis – roughly 23 percent for ATLAS and 33 percent for CMS. U.S. scientists on the ALICE experiment developed control and tracking systems for the detector and made significant contributions in software, hardware and computing support. US scientists also helped improve trigger software for data analysis for the LHCb experiment.

U.S. institutions will continue to make important contributions to the LHC and its experiments, even beyond the second run, which is scheduled to continue through themiddle of 2018. Universities and national laboratories are developing new accelerator and detector technology for future upgrades of the LHC and its experiments. This ongoing work encourages a strong partnership between science and industry, and drives technological innovation in the United States. 

"Operating accelerators for the benefit of the physics community is what CERN's here for," said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer. "Today, CERN's heart beats once more to the rhythm of the LHC."  

For more information on the U.S. role in the Large Hadron Collider, visit this website:

Fulcrum Microsystems has announced the FocalPoint FM6000 series of fully integrated wire-speed 10G and 40G Ethernet switch chips, which incorporate the company's new and innovative Alta high-speed Ethernet switching architecture.

One key new feature of the FM6000 series switches is Fulcrum's FlexPipe low-latency packet-processing pipeline, which can parse, modify and apply multiple rules to traffic at more than 1 Billion packets per second in a completely deterministic manner. FlexPipe also can be upgraded in the field to support future datacenter networking protocols as they emerge.

The FM6000 series devices are based on Fulcrum's Alta switch architecture that, in addition to FlexPipe, features flexible 10G and 40G Ethernet port logic and third-generation RapidArray output-queued shared-memory architecture. Alta-based FocalPoint devices achieve unprecedented performance while maintaining low cut-through packet latencies of less than 300nS, regardless of configuration or features enabled. Fulcrum's pioneering efforts in developing low-latency Ethernet switch technology has made FocalPoint the preferred datacenter fabric building-block for applications such as financial trading and computer clustering in today's virtualized and high-scale datacenters.

Virtualization is increasing the density of server farms and enabling datacenter operators to efficiently deploy cloud services. In addition, new server architectures include multi-core processors, increasing network bandwidth requirements. The FlexPipe packet-processing pipeline in the FM6000 series devices delivers full line-rate performance across up to 72 ports, offering non-blocking throughput for thousands of virtualized flows.

"Our Dell'Oro forecasting models show that 10GE server ports will grow dramatically in coming years, which will drive demand for high density 10Gb switches and also the demand for 40Gb Ethernet uplinks," said Alan Weckel, director of Ethernet research for Dell'Oro Group. "Given this expected demand, the launch of this switch from Fulcrum is very timely."

FlexPipe allows the functionality of several key logic blocks, such as the packet parser and egress frame modification unit, to be upgraded to support new datacenter networking standards or proprietary performance-enhancing application tags. With this functionality, switch manufacturers can sell switching systems that are field upgradable with support for emerging datacenter interconnect topologies such as TRILL and SPB, as well as emerging virtualized networking standards such as 802.1bg (Edge Virtual Bridging) and 802.1bh (Port Extenders).

There are nine devices in the FM6000 series, each offering a different port configuration and total bandwidth, ranging from 160Gbps to 720Gbps. FM6000 series switches can be used to build very high port-count top-of-rack or end-of-row datacenter switches with industry-leading latency, performance, and scale. With the ability to drive SFP+ direct-attach copper cable directly without the need for an external PHY, the FM6000 series reduces the latency, cost and power of these top-of-rack switch designs. To enable network convergence, the FM6000 supports the efficient mix of storage, HPC and LAN data traffic with extensive QoS and datacenter bridging (DCB) features such as PFC, ETS, and QCN, simultaneously supporting lossless operation alongside bandwidth and latency guarantees. Additionally, system-wide management features offer line rate per-flow monitoring and policing for clear visibility and a single point of management, reducing overall system complexity.

"Fulcrum is changing the game again by delivering standards-based switching solutions that provide advanced features and shatter all established benchmarks for high bandwidth, low latency and power efficiency," said Mike Zeile, Fulcrum Microsystems president and COO. "The FM6000 series, with our revolutionary Alta architecture, is helping define the future of virtual computing by delivering the performance needed for next-generation datacenter fabrics."

Configuration and Availability

All nine members of the FocalPoint FM6000 series will be generally available in 2Q 2011.

The 2015 Marconi Prize, considered the pinnacle honor in the field of communication and information science, will be awarded to Professor Peter T. Kirstein, whose tireless advocacy and pioneering technical contributions to computer networking helped establish and expand the Internet in Europe and many other parts of the world. The $100,000 prize will be presented to Kirstein at a ceremony at the Royal Society in London on Oct. 20, 2015.

“What he brought back to the UK was the buzz of designing the very early Internet”

The Marconi Prize is given each year to one or more scientists and engineers who – like radio inventor Guglielmo Marconi – achieve advances in communications and information technology for the social, economic and cultural development of all humanity. Honorees have included scientists whose breakthrough innovations underlie every aspect of modern communications and have contributed to many other fields of technology as well.

“While he may not be as well known here in the U.S., Peter is often recognized as the ‘father of the European Internet,’” says Marconi Fellow Vint Cerf, co-inventor of TCP/IP protocol and an early collaborator with Kirstein. “But that phrase understates his contributions in the field of computer networking and in the area of protocols or systems for specific purposes. For the past 40+ years, Kirstein has made persistent contributions to the practical workings, adoption and application of the Internet worldwide.”

Kirstein’s education and early career helped shape a man uniquely suited to the task of internationalizing the Internet. Growing up in Britain, he attended UCLA in Los Angeles, Cambridge University and Stanford University where he obtained his Ph.D. He then joined CERN in Geneva, spending four years as an accelerator physicist, after which he served the US General Electric Corporate Research Centre in a post in Zurich. “Fluency in at least three languages was required; this really allowed me to maintain a very international focus,” he says. Charged with looking into things that might interest GE, he reactivated his earlier interests in computer and communications technology, convinced that these fields were the areas of the future.

A frequent visitor to the US during this period, he met Bob Kahn, Vint Cerf and Larry Roberts, whose work was instrumental to the development of the Internet in the U.S. He was deeply involved as the very early Internet took shape. In 1967 he returned to the U.K. taking a senior position at the University of London Institute of Computer Science. He joined University College London (UCL) in 1973 as Professor of Computer Communications Systems, becoming the first head of the Computer Science Department in 1979.

“What he brought back to the UK was the buzz of designing the very early Internet,” says Jon Crowcroft, Marconi Prof. of Computer Science, Cambridge University.

Kirstein’s relationships with numerous researchers at top U.S. research institutions involved in expanding the ARPAnet served him well as the ARPAnet extended connections from the U.S. to Norway. Kirstein, working with Robert Kahn, facilitated the connection of ARPAnet to University College London in 1973.

Kirstein also participated in an ARPA packet satellite research project that brought several other European sites into the system. This project involved multiple ground stations in Europe and the U.S. In November 1977, when researchers in Northern California first used TCP/IP to link the ARPAnet, SATNET and a packet radio wireless network, Kirstein was on the UK end of the line.

As the first ideas for the Internet emerged, Kirstein became involved immediately. Thus he was responsible for the first implementation of TCP/IP in Europe. Many European policy leaders were dubious about adopting TCP/IP, which by 1983 had been officially rolled out across the ARPAnet. However the success of Kirstein’s project was instrumental in drawing other Europeans into the Internet orbit, in the face of strong competition from Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) enthusiasts.

“Peter was instrumental in most of the major European projects—he got things done,” says Philip Treleaven, Professor of Computing, UCL. “Without a doubt he has done more than anybody else in Europe.”

Sir Eric Ash, a Marconi Fellow and former Rector of Imperial College, says, “Peter Kirstein has had an enormous influence on first, the acceptance and then the development of packet switching and then the Internet in the UK, Europe and beyond. Creating the first European node of the ARPAnet at University College was a key step towards its wider acceptance. At this distance, it is hard to remember and envisage that this process was far from automatic! It faced passive and even active opposition. Peter Kirstein and his celebrated group at University College provided the catalysts that enabled what is arguably the key development of the 20th century to become so dominant in Europe.”

In the 1990s, Kirstein turned his efforts to making the Internet truly international, serving with Cerf on a UN committee set up to create a network in India. He proposed that they create regional networks, rather than country-by-country, through NATO. They traveled to Kurdistan shortly after 9/11 and started a Caucasian and Central Asia network (SILK). Kirstein ran the project mainly with funding from NATO, but he secured a contribution from the EC that was a unique occurrence.

“He has continued to contribute, both architecturally and with implementation, to a variety of applications, including email, network interconnection and currently, the Internet of Things,” says Robert Kahn, a Marconi Fellow who co-invented TCP/IP with Vint Cerf and currently heads the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI). “As a professor at UCL, he has mentored engineers who have gone on to make many useful contributions to this space. He’s been a capable interlocutor between EU and US defense department initiatives. He’s helped commercialize the technology, and he’s been one of the pioneers to push the boundaries of the communication paradigm much further. Quite simply, he is a giant in his field.”

Kirstein is a Fellow in the Royal Academy of Engineering, of the British Computer Society (Distinguished Fellow), Institute of Physics, Institution of Electrical Technology, as well as a Senior Member in the Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and a Foreign Associate of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering. He received the ACM SIGCOMM award and the IEE senior award - both in 1999. In 2002 he was made an Honorary Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and was awarded a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the Birthday Honors list in June 2003, the same year he received the Internet Society's Postel Award. In 2006 he was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award Medal for Exceptional Contributions to the development of the Global Internet of the Royal Academy of Engineering and became an Honorary Fellow of UCL. In 2012, Kirstein was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame by the Internet Society.

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