Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee today returned to the birthplace of his brainchild, 20 years after submitting his paper 'Information Management: A Proposal' to his manager Mike Sendall in March 1989. By writing the words 'Vague, but exciting' on the document's cover, and giving Berners-Lee the go-ahead to continue, Sendall signed into existence the information revolution of our time: the World Wide Web. In September the following year, Berners-Lee took delivery of a computer called a NeXT cube, and by December 1990 the Web was up and running, albeit between just a couple of computers at CERN*.

Today's event takes a look back at some of the early history, and pre-history, of the World Wide Web at CERN, includes a keynote speech from Tim Berners-Lee, and concludes with a series of talks from some of today's Web pioneers. The full event will be webcast at http://webcast.cern.ch, and relayed via http://tf1.lci.fr/infos/endirect/0,,4301948,00-les-20-ans-du-web-edition-speciale-.html. Highlights will be available to broadcasters via a Eurovision worldfeed scheduled for 19:00CET

"It's a pleasure to be back at CERN today," said Berners-Lee. "CERN has come a long way since 1989, and so has the Web, but its roots will always be here."

The World Wide Web is undoubtedly the most well known spin-off from CERN, but it's not the only one. Technologies developed at CERN have found applications in domains as varied as solar energy collection and medical imaging.

"When CERN scientists find a technological hurdle in the way of their ambitions, they have a tendency to solve it," said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer. "I'm pleased to say that the spirit of innovation that allowed Tim Berners-Lee to invent the Web at CERN, and allowed CERN to nurture it, is alive and well today."

A team of students from the University of Utah’s School of Computing won a competition to build and run a small supercomputer cluster —a high-performance network used to perform intensive calculations for complex data sets such as weather forecasts or nuclear fusion.

Four national teams, including the U. students and a team from Skyline High School in Salt Lake City, were given identical components and two days to assemble and deploy a supercomputing cluster for a specific task. The competition, called the "LittleFe Challenge," was part of SC12, the annual international supercomputing conference held this year in Salt Lake City.

Utah computer science students Leif Andersen, Bruce Bolick, Ian King, Tom Robertson, Kathryn Rodgers and Tyler Sorenson were members of the winning team.

The competition involved what is known as the traveling salesman problem.

Three sets of cities and coordinates were given to each team. The students were then asked to use their small supercomputer to find the shortest route for a traveling salesman to take that would include a visit to each city once and a return to the city of origin for each data set using their cluster. The teams were judged on best score, visualization of their results and their knowledge of high-performance computing.

Brian Haymore, Martin Cuma and Wim Cardoen from the U’s Center for High Performance Computing were mentors to the team. Their faculty advisor was Mary Hall, a computer science professor.

On 28 September 2012, the K supercomputer—RIKEN’s award-winning supercomputer based at the RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science—was for the first time made available for shared use to members of academia and industry.

Jointly developed by RIKEN and Fujitsu since 2006, the K supercomputer has collected top industry accolades in the HPC Challenge and the Gordon Bell Prize, proof of its distinguished performance in real-world applications.

Proposals for using the K computer by researchers and industry bodies were evaluated by the Research Organization for Information Science and Technology (RIST), a non-profit public-service organization that promotes the development and utilization of computational science and technology to support a highly information-oriented society. On 3 September 2012, RIST announced the first selection of research proposals for 62 projects, including 29 general use projects, 8 young researcher projects and 25 industry-related projects, as well as selected projects for HPCI strategic programs.

In the coming years RIKEN and RIST in cooperation with users of the K supercomputer will work together to translate the K supercomputer’s exceptional simulation precision and computational speed into world-class technological and research advancements. RIKEN will set about forging links between computational science and computer science fields and strive to provide a user-friendly computational environment for users of the K computer, while RIST will manage user support and program improvement.

Democratic Republic of Congo’s private bank RAWBANK has deployed a combination of software and hardware technologies from IBM, to enhance client satisfaction, increase banking application performance and security processes and reduce energy usage costs by 20%.

Offering technology architecture and flexibility, the new core banking systems such as IBM Blade Center HS22, PS700 servers and Informix software will help transform its existing systems to increase its customer base in the largely un-banked Central African country.

The bank will now be able to provide a suite of new products including Internet banking, mobile banking, SMS banking and many card-based services to a wider range of customers.

Out of an estimated population of 65 million in the DRC, there are currently only about 2 million banking customers.

RAWBANK chief executive officer Thierry Taeymans said, "In spite of infrastructure challenges in the DRC, this technology allows us to serve our clients faster, with significantly reduced waiting time, and launch a 24 hour customer service hotline."

RAWBANK intends to open 10 new branches by the end of 2012. With an active presence in over 20 countries, IBM has ties with over 25 banks across Africa.

Page 61 of 61